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UAV Response Strategy and Forensics

This course has been built through first-hand law enforcement experience, supported by academic research. The workshop will involve a UAV investigation from start to finish, building your confidence and knowledge in this field of digital forensics.

Small UAVs have increased in popularity significantly in recent years, but with this increase in availability, affordability and ease of use a nefarious underworld has formed. UAVs have provided the criminal element with a new tool to their arsenal and it is up to forensic examiners to see what data can be extracted.

This course is designed to provide law enforcement agencies, their partners, forensic specialists, and first responders awareness and training sufficient to build or enhance their strategy to deal with UAV related incidents. This course will provide an introduction to UAVs before covering the types of criminal acts UAVs can be used in, first responder, seizure and examination guidelines, along with evidence presentation.


COURSE BENEFITS

What skills will you gain?

  • You will learn how to manage and respond to a UAV related incident in a safe and structured manner.
  • You will learn how to extract data from a range of UAVs currently on the market, and how to use tools to interpret and analysis that data.
  • You will learn how to present UAV related data evidentially.
  • After this course you will be better equipped to deal with a UAV related incident, which is a skillset in high demand around the world.

What will you learn about? 

  • You will learn what a UAV, UAS and drone are and what their key components consist of.
  • During this course you will learn what criminal activities can and/or have been completed through the use of a UAV.
  • Students will be taught guidelines and framework necessary to cover scene first responders, seizure advice and forensic examination structure.
  • Students will be guided through a fictional UAV examination (Start to finish), which will cover the extraction and interpretation of data.

What tools will you use?

  • FTK
  • DatCon
  • Yuneec Log Reader
  • Google Maps


COURSE PREREQUISITES

COURSE LAUNCH DATE: December 19th 2019

COURSE IS SELF-PACED, AVAILABLE ON DEMAND

DURATION: 18 hours

CPE POINTS: On completion you get a certificate granting you 18 CPE points. 

Course format:

  • Self-paced
  • Pre-recorded
  • Accessible even after you finish the course
  • No preset deadlines
  • Materials are video, labs, and text
  • All videos captioned

What should you know before you join?

  • Students are expected to have a reasonable knowledge of technology, specifically in the field of digital forensics. Ideally they would have experience as a practitioner or manager within the digital forensic industry.
  • No specific knowledge or skill set is necessary, and every effort will be made to explain each section of the course, however it is anticipated that students will be ‘tech savvy’.

What will you need?

  • A computer running a Windows Operating system (7 or 10)
  • Internet connection
  • Web Browser (Ideally Chrome)
  • Microsoft Word (or similar)
  • Screen capture tool (Snipping Tool or similar)

You instructor: Alan Roder

I have been a Police Officer in the United Kingdom since 2008 and have worked on investigation teams and as a Digital Media Investigator; I currently work within the Digital Forensics Unit as a Forensic Officer analysing digital devices such as computers, storage mediums and UAVs.

I graduated from the University College Dublin with a Master of Science degree in Computer Forensics and Cybercrime Investigation.  I co-authored my first paper in 2018 entitled ‘Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Forensic Investigation Process: DJI Phantom 3 Drone as a Case Study’.  In 2019 I co-authored a follow-up paper entitled Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Threat Analysis and a Routine Activity Theory Based Mitigation Approach.

I am currently continuing my research and development in regards to UAV Forensics.


COURSE SYLLABUS


Module 1: Introduction to UAVs, Criminal activities and Scene First Responder and seizure guidelines.

In this module students will be introduced to UAVs, including components and flight guidance. The module will then detail nefarious and criminal activities involving UAVs before moving onto cover UAV scene first responder and seizure guidelines.

Covered topics:

  • Introduction and summary of module one
  • Introduction to sUAS;
    • Today’s UAVs
    • History of UAVs
    • What the term ‘Drone’ encompasses.
    • What constitutes a UAS.
    • What constitutes a UAV.
  • UAV flight guidance and advice;
    • UK UAV flight law
    • General flight advice
    • Useful websites
  • Criminal or Nefarious acts involving UAVs;
    • Domestic criminal activity.
    • Terrorist activity.
  • Guidelines for first responders;
    • Initial Response 
    • Scene preservation
    • Scene assessment
    • Audits and logs
  • Guidelines towards seizure;
    • Common practices and procedures
    • Evidence gathering best practices
    • Consideration towards IEDs
  • Health and safety;
    • Lithium Polymer (LiPo) batteries
    • Firearms and explosives
    • Propeller blades and other hazards

Module 1 Assessment: 

Multiple choice questions (50) – Pass mark is 80%

Workload:

  • Lectures - 4 hours
  • Assignment – 1 hour

Module 2: Guidelines for extracting data from a UAV

In this module students will be introduced to the basics of computer based evidence, before delving into the guidelines necessary for extracting data from a UAV. Students will be familiarised with free forensic tools, at which point they will be shown how to extract data from three common UAVs.

Covered topics:

  • Introduction to the scenario which will run throughout the course
    • The scenario will be a UAV incursion into a restricted area.
  • Introduction to Computer Forensics;
    • Forensic images (E01)
    • Carving data
  • Guidelines for completing a UAV Forensic examination;
    • Fundamental UAV forensic guidelines with a systematic approach.
    • Evidence integrity and standard forensic practices.
    • Evidence continuity.
    • DNA, Fingerprints and Ballistic reports.
    • Images
    • Identifying makes and models.
    • Initial examination and case review.
    • UAV capabilities.
    • Identifying damage.
    • UAV adaptability and modifications.
    • Evidence data locations.
  • Extraction techniques and tools;
    • Extracting removable storage mediums
    • Preservation of evidence
    • Forensic tool review (Cellebrite, MSAB, X-Ways, FTK, EnCase etc)
    • Physical vs software
    • Interrogation of peripheral devices.
    • Destructive extraction methods
  • How to extract the media and flight data from three UAVs;
    • DJI Phantom
    • Yuneec Typhoon
    • DJI Mavic

Assessment:

Extract flight log data from a forensic image, using the tools and techniques taught in this module.

Workload:

Lectures - 4 hours

Assignment – 1 hour


Module 3: Interpreting extracted UAV data

Following on from the previous module, students will be shown what types of data can be extracted from a UAV, along with free tools which can view the data in a simple format. 

Covered topics:

  • What data can be extracted – overview;
    • What data can be identified
    • GPS data and how accurate it can be.
    • Confirming data accuracy.
  • Interpreting data;
    • Open source investigation techniques.
    • Open source tools review
    • Review of example flight logs.
    • Identifying investigative leads
  • Instructional video on the software necessary for the assignment;
    • Introduction to DatCon.
    • Introduction to Yuneec flight log reader.

Assessment:

  • Download and install free flight data analysis software, then answer questions on logs from both the Yuneec and DJI UAV platforms.
  • Open book exam (20 questions) – Pass mark is 90%

Workload:

  • Lectures - 2 hours
  • Assignment – 3 hour

Module 4: Evidential presentation and reports

In the final module, students will learn how to complete a UAV examination report in an evidentially credible and impartial manner. Additionally they will identify further lines of enquiry which may prove beneficial in an investigation. Finally this module will discuss future considerations and touch on methods to counter criminal UAV activity.

Covered topics:

  • Reports and evidence presentation;
    • Report layout and display.
    • How best to display telemetry data.
    • Google maps and other tools.
  • Preparation and presentation of evidence at court;
    • Identifying potential lines of enquiry.
    • Forecasting defence and prosecution questions
  • Future considerations;
    • Advances in technology.
    • Proliferation of UAV usage (Business and Personal).
    • Challenges in identifying and monitoring UAVs.
    • Counter UAV strategies.
    • ISO considerations.

Assessment:

Continue from the scenario in assignment 2 and using the flight log data interpreted in assignment 3, write a report suitable for court.

The report will be graded on;

  • Layout (Is the statement easy to read and does the content flow)
  • Content (Is the content factually correct)
  • Impartiality (Students should refrain from assumptions)

70% pass mark.

This assessment will be considered the final exam for this workshop. 

Workload:

Lectures - 3 hours

Assignment – 3 hour


Contact:

If you have questions, feel free to contact our course coordinator Marta at [email protected]

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